The centre was given the funds to support the development of an international livestock improvement centre.
Cabinet secretary for education Michael Russell confirmed the additional investment in The Roslin Institute, part of the University of Edinburgh and strategically supported by the BBSRC, will help enhance the University's campus for livestock improvement and animal health.
Mr Russell said: "Scotland has great strength and expertise across many research fields and the Roslin Institute is leading the way in the animal health sector. We want to build on existing excellence to develop our reputation in research and maximise the benefits for our economy.
"By investing in our research and development capacity, we will help sustain and improve Scotland's livestock industry while leading efforts to relieve poverty in developing countries. It will position Scotland at the forefront of animal science research across the globe."
Cabinet secretary for rural affairs Richard Lochhead said: "The Roslin Institute is one of the leading animal science research centres in the world which benefits farmers both in Scotland and internationally. Attracting capital funding for new infrastructure and creating employment opportunities in Midlothian is a key objective of the Easter Bush Research Consortium, of which the Roslin Institute is a part. This investment should benefit all members of the Consortium and will help to create a fantastic resource for Scotland and the world."
Professor David Hume director of The Roslin Institute said: "This investment complements the current development of the National Avian Research Facility at Easter Bush and will help to keep Scotland at the forefront of Livestock research internationally."
The principal for the University of Edinburgh professor Sir Timothy O'Shea said: "The support from the Scottish Government provides a wonderful opportunity for the University to enhance its research excellence in animal biosciences and food security. This additional resource on the Easter Bush Campus will allow the Roslin Institute to continue to provide solutions to global challenges within the livestock industry."